Forever legacies? Profiling historical PFAS contamination and current influence on groundwater used for drinking water
“A wide range of PFAS residues were studied in an aquifer used for drinking water production which was affected by historical PFAS contamination from a landfill and military camp. Samples were taken at three monitoring and four pumping wells at different depths ranging from 33 to 147 m below the land surface and analysed for a series of 53 PFAS (C2-C14) and PFAS precursors (C4-C24). A comparison of results to earlier research from 2013, with a more limited range of PFAS, showed decreasing concentrations and migration of PFAS with increasing depth and distance from the contamination source.
The PFAS profile and branched/linear isomer ratio are used as source characterization tools. The landfill was confirmed to contaminate the groundwater in both monitoring wells, while the military camp was indicated as a probable source for PFAS observed in the deep sampling points of one of the monitoring wells. Pumping wells used to produce drinking water are not yet affected by these two PFAS sources. In one of the four sampled pumping wells, a different PFAS profile and isomer pattern was observed, which indicated a different but yet unknown source. This work shows the necessity of implementing regular screening to identify potential (historical) PFAS sources to be able to prevent future contaminant migration nearby and towards drinking water abstraction wells.”
(Citation: Sadia, M., Kunz, M., ter Laak, T.L., et.al. – Forever legacies? Profiling historical PFAS contamination and current influence on groundwater used for drinking water – Science of The Total Environment 890(2023)art. no. 164420 – DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.164420 – (Open Access))
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