Impact of isolated dissolved organic fractions from seawater on biofouling in reverse osmosis (RO) desalination process
“The biofouling potential of three isolated dissolved organic fractions from seawater according to their molecular weights (MWs), namely, fractions of biopolymers (F.BP, MW > 1000 Da), humic substances and building blocks (F.HS&BB, MW 350–1000 Da), and low molecular weight compounds (F.LMW, MW < 350 Da) were characterized by assimilable organic carbon (AOC) content. The AOC/DOC ratio was in the order of F.LMW (∼35%) > F.BP (∼19%) > F.HS&BB (∼8%); AOC/DOC of seawater was ∼20%; organic compositions of seawater were BP ∼6%, HS&BB ∼52% and LMW ∼42%; LMW accounted for >70% of AOC in seawater. Their impact on SWRO biofouling in term of flux decline rate was in the order of F. LMW (∼30%) > F.BP (∼20%) > F.HS&BB (<10%). Despite being the major organic compound in seawater, HS&BB showed marginal effect on biofouling. The role of indigenous BP was less critical owing to its relatively low concentration. LMW, which was the major AOC contributor, played a significant role in biofouling by promoting microbial growth that contributed to the build-up of soluble microbial products and exopolymeric substances (i.e., in particular BP). Therefore, seawater pretreatment shall focus on the removal of AOC (i.e., LMW) rather than the removal of biopolymer." (Citaat: Yin, W., Ho, J.S., Cornelissen, E.R., ChongT.H. - Impact of isolated dissolved organic fractions from seawater on biofouling in reverse osmosis (RO) desalination process - Water Research 168(2020)art. no. 115198 - DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2019.115198 - (Open Access)) © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.