Peer review artikel

Biofouling removal in spiral-wound nanofiltration elements using two-phase flow cleaning


“Biofouling has detrimental effects on the feed channel pressure drop and the permeate flux in high-pressure membrane processes such as NF and RO. Two-phase flow cleaning is a chemical-free technique that is able to remove such biofilms. This paper presents a study into the effects of the gas/liquid ratio, feed spacer geometry, applied pressure and liquid velocity on the efficiency of two-phase flow cleaning in spiral-wound nanofiltration elements. A high-speed camera, optical coherence tomography and scanning electron microscopy were used to study biofouling and its removal. Our results show that two conditions must be met to ensure that a sufficiently high shear force is applied to biofilms on membrane and spacer surfaces. A good bubble distribution in the channel is the first requirement. While it is mainly the structure of the feed spacer that controls bubble flow and bubble size, a minimum gas/liquid ratio of 0.5 is necessary to achieve a good bubble distribution. The second condition is the use of a sufficiently high liquid velocity during cleaning. The bubble velocity was found to be 3.5–5.5 times as high as the used liquid velocity, and responsible for a marked improvement in the flux recovery.”

© 2014ElsevierB.V.Allrightsreserved.

(Citaat: Wibisono, Y., Obied, K.E.E., et al. – Biofouling-removal-in-spiral-wound-nanofiltration-elements-using-two-phase-flow-cleaning – Journal of Membrane Science 475(2015), p131-146)

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