Anionic exchange for NOM removal and the effects on micropollutant adsorption competition on activated carbon
“To efficiently adsorb micropollutants from surface water and groundwater by activated carbon, the concurrent
natural organic matter (NOM) was removed by anionic exchange resin (AER) to reduce the
adsorption competition. The studied AER showed a great affinity to the NOM fractions ‘humic substances’
and ‘building blocks’ measured by liquid chromatography with organic carbon detection. The overlapping
adsorption isotherms of target compounds (atrazine and caffeine) in the presence of raw water and AERtreated
water reflected an irrelevance of AER-removed NOM to site competition. Instead, it was likely the
hydrophobic low molecular organics, refractory to AER treatment, competed with the target compounds.
Microporous carbon, which contains higher amounts of small and secondary micropores, tended to have
less site competition, and a lower dosage was required to achieve 90% removal of the target compounds.
During fixed adsorber filtration, however, AER pretreatment slightly prolonged the breakthrough of most
of the investigated micropollutants. This could be attributed to less pore blockage due to the lower contents
of ‘humic substances’ and ‘building blocks’ in the background water.”
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
(Citaat: Hu, J., Martin, A., et al. – Anionic exchange for NOM removal and the effects on micropollutant adsorption competition on activated carbon – Separation and Purification Technology 129(2014), p.25-31)