The role of electrostatic interactions on the rejection of organic solutes in aqueous solutions with nanofiltration
“The effects of electrostatic interactions on the rejection of organic solutes with nanofiltration membranes were investigated. For two different membranes, the rejection of selected organic acids, positively and negatively charged pharmaceuticals and neutral pharmaceuticals was investigated at different feed water chemistries (different ionic strengths and pH conditions, with and without the presence of NOM and divalent cations). It was concluded that for negatively charged membranes, electrostatic repulsion leads to an increase of the rejection of negatively charged solutes and electrostatic attraction leads to a decrease of the rejection of positively charged solutes, compared to neutral solutes. Neutral and positively charged solutes engage in hydrophobic interactions with negatively charged membranes, whereas negatively charged solutes do not engage in hydrophobic interactions since they cannot approach the membrane surface. This provides proof for the theory of an increased concentration of positively charged organic solutes and a decreased concentration of negatively charged organic solutes at the membrane surface compared to the bulk fluid. This concept may be denoted as “charge concentration polarisation”. The concept was further used as a modelling tool to predict the effects of electrostatic interactions on the rejection of trace organic solutes.”
Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
(Citaat: Verliefde, A.R.D., Cornelissen, E.R., et al. – The role of electrostatic interactions on the rejection of organic solutes in aqueous solutions with nanofiltration – Journal of Membrane Science 322(2008)1, p.52-66))