Critical soil conditions for oxygen stress to plant roots Substituting the Feddes-function by a process-based model
“Effects of insufficient soil aeration on the functioning of plants form an important field of research. A well-known and frequently used utility to express oxygen stress experienced by plants is the Feddes-function. This function reduces root water uptake linearly between two constant pressure heads, representing threshold values for minimum and maximum oxygen deficiency. However, the correctness of this expression has never been evaluated and constant critical values for oxygen stress are likely to be inappropriate. On theoretical grounds it is expected that oxygen stress depends on various abiotic and biotic factors. In this paper, we propose a fundamentally different approach to assess oxygen stress: we built a plant physiological and soil physical process-based model to calculate the minimum gas filled porosity of the soil (ϕgas_min) at which oxygen stress occurs.
First, we calculated the minimum oxygen concentration in the gas phase of the soil needed to sustain the roots through (micro-scale) diffusion with just enough oxygen to respire. Subsequently, ϕgas_min that corresponds to this minimum oxygen concentration was calculated from diffusion from the atmosphere through the soil (macro-scale).
We analyzed the validity of constant critical values to represent oxygen stress in terms of ϕgas_min, based on model simulations in which we distinguished different soil types and in which we varied temperature, organic matter content, soil depth and plant characteristics. Furthermore, in order to compare our model results with the Feddes-function, we linked root oxygen stress to root water uptake (through the sink term variable F, which is the ratio of actual and potential uptake).”
Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
(Citaat: Bartholomeus, R.P., Witte, J.P.M., et al. – Critical soil conditions for oxygen stress to plant roots Substituting the Feddes-function by a process-based model – Journal of Hydrology 360(2008)1-4, p.147-165)